The expert working group for HAE within the Czech Society of Allergology and Clinical Immunology issued the following therapy management recommendations in 2020:
Treatment recommendations for HAE patients in the Czech Republic are based on recommendations issued by the WHO / EAACI.
- acute treatment, depending on the severity of symptoms (in the development of orofacial edema, laryngeal or gastrointestinal obstruction, urogenital edema, severe limb edema). For the treatment of HAE attacks, Icatibant and C1-inhibitors, are available in the Czech Republic. Frozen plasma can also be used if the aforementioned are not available.
- short-term preventive treatment (prophylaxis) before iatrogenic procedures. According to the SPC indication criteria, C1-inhibitors (pdC1-INH) are the treatment of preference used for short-term preventative treatment.
- long-term preventive treatment, recommended for patients with recurring severe symptoms and high frequency of attacks. Long-term prophylaxis should be considered on an individual basis, taking into account symptoms, frequency of attacks, quality of life, availability of medications and the risk of reduced/insufficient effectiveness of appropriate episodic treatment. These factors may change over time, so patients should be evaluated for long-term prophylaxis during each visit to the physician with respect to the patient's preferences. C1 inhibitors are the first choice for long-term prophylaxis. However, in the Czech Republic, products containing C1 inhibitors are not approved to be paid for by health insurance and available for long-term prophylactic treatment. According to current international recommendations, C1 inhibitor or lanadelumab should be used as a first choice for long-term prophylaxis. According to these recommendations, lanadelumab is an effective management for the long-term prophylaxis of patients with C1 inhibitor deficiency (HAE-C1-INH and HAE type I and II).
More information about HAE medication in the Czech Republic is available in Czech language on the website of the Czech Society of Allergology and Clinical Immunology, working group Hereditary Angioedema HERE.